Bonobo Conservation Initiative > News and Knowledge > Bonobo Bibliography

Bonobo Bibliography

Journal Articles | Textbooks | Book Chapters | Books | Other Sources

Journal Articles

Béchard D.Y. (2013). Viral Conservation. Solutions Journal 4(6): 40-46.

Bermejo J., G. Illera, J. Sabater Pi. (1994). Animals and mushrooms consumed by bonobos (Pan paniscus). International Journal of Primatology 15: 879-98.

Brakke K.E., Savage-Rumbaugh E.S. (1995). The development of language skills in bonobo and chimpanzee-1. Comprehension. Lang Commun 15: 121–148.

Clay,Z., Zuberbühler, K, (2011). Bonobos Extract Meaning from Call Sequences. PLoS ONE 6(4): e18786. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018786.

Coolidge, H. J. (1933). Pan paniscus: pygmy chimp from south of the Congo River. American Journal Physiological Anthropology 18: 1-57.

Enomoto, T. (1990). Social play and sexual behavior of the Bonobo (Pan paniscus) with special reference to flexibility. Primates 31: 469-480.

Fischer, A., Prüfer, K., Good, J.M., Halbwax, M., Wiebe, V., et al. (2011). Bonobos Fall within the Genomic Variation of Chimpanzees. PLoS ONE, 6(6): e21605. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021605

Furuichi, T. (1989). Social interactions and the life history of female Pan paniscus in Wamba, Zaire. Int J Prim 10(3): 855-875.

Hammock, E.A.D., Young, L.J. (2005). Microsatellite instability generates diversity in brain and sociobehavioral traits. Science 308: 1630-1634.

Kortlandt, A. (1995). A survey of the geographical range, habitats and conservation of the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus): an ecological perspective. Primate Conservation 16: 21-36.

Lyn, H., Savage-Rumbaugh, E.S. (2000). Observational word learning by two bonobos: ostensive and non-ostensive contexts. Lang Commun 20: 255–273.

Parish, A. R. (1993). Sex and food control in the “uncommon chimpanzee”: How bonobo females overcome a phylogenetic legacy of male dominance. Ethology and Sociobiology 15: 157-179.

Parish, A. R. (1996). Female relationships in bonobos (Pan paniscus): evidence for bonding, cooperation, and female dominance in a male-philopatric species. Human Nature 7: 61-96.

Perelman, P., Johnson, W.E., Roos, C., Seuánez, H.N., Horvath, J.E., Moreira, M.A.M., Kessing, B., Pontius, J., Roelke, M., Rumpler, Y., Schneider, M.P.C., Silva, A., O’Brien, S.J., and J. Pecon-Slattery (2011). A molecular phylogeny of living primates. PLoS Genet 7(3): e1001342. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001342

Prüfer, K., Munch, K., Hellmann, I., Akagi, K., Miller, J., Walenz, B., et al. (2012). The bonobo genome compared with the chimpanzee and human genomes. Nature.

Rilling, J.K., Scholz, J., Preuss, T.M., Glasser, M.F., Errangi, B.K., and Timothy E. Behrens (2011). Differences between chimpanzees and bonobos in neural systems supporting social cognition. Soc Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

de Waal, F. B. M. (1988). The communicative repertoire of captive bonobos, Pan paniscus, compared to that of chimpanzees. Behaviour 106: 183–251.

de Waal, F.B.M. (1995). Bonobo sex and society: the behavior of a close relative challenges assumptions about male supremacy in human evolution. Scientific American 272: 82-88.

Zsurka, G., Kudina, T., Peeva, V., Hallmann, K. (2010). Distinct patterns of mitochondrial genome diversity in bonobos (Pan paniscus) and humans. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 270.


Badrian, A. and Badrian, N. (1984). Social organization of Pan paniscus in the Lomako forest, Zaire. In: Susman RL, (ed.), The Pygmy Chimpanzee: Evolutionary Biology and Behavior. New York: Plenum Pr, 325-346.
ISBN: 978-0306415951

Boesch, C. G. Hohmann, L. Marchant (Eds.) (2002). Behavioral Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.
ISBN: 978-0521006132

Cramer, D. and Zihlman, A. ( 1978). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy chimpanzee Pan paniscus, In: Chivers, D. K. Joysey (eds.), Recent Advances in Primatology. Volume 3: Evolution. Academic Press London, 487-490.
ISBN: 012-1733033

Dupain, J. and Elsacker, L.V. (2001). Status of the proposed Lomako Forest bonobo reserve: a case study of the bushmeat trade. In Galdikas, B.M.F., Briggs, N.E., Sheeran, L.K., Shapiro, G.L., and J. Goodall (eds.), All Apes Great and Small, Volume I: African Apes. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, NY, Boston, Dordrecht, Ondon, Moscow, 259-273.
ISBN: 978-0306467578

Furuichi, T. and Thompson, J. (eds.) (2008). The Bonobos: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer Science + Business Media, LLC, New York.
ISBN: 978-0387747859

Kano, Takayoshi (1992). The Last Ape: Pygmy Chimpanzee Behavior and Ecology, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
ISBN: 978-0804716123

White, F. (1996). Comparative socio-ecology of Pan paniscus. In: McGrew WC, Marchant LF, Nishida T, (eds.), Great Ape Societies. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Pr. 29-41.
ISBN: 978-0521555364

Wrangham, R.W. (2000).
 Why are male chimpanzees more gregarious than mothers? A scramble competition hypothesis. In: P Kappeler (Ed.), Primate Males: Causes and Consequences of Variation in Group Composition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 248-258.
ISBN: 978-0521658461

Book Chapters

Butynski, T. M. (2001) Africa’s Great Apes. In Beck, B., Stoinski, T. S., Hutchins, M., Maple, T.L., Norton, B., Rowan, A., Stevens, E. F. and Arluke, A. (eds.), Great Apes and Humans: The Ethics of Coexistence. Smithsonian Institution Press, 
Washington D.C., 3-56.
ISBN: 978-1560989691

Kuroda, S. (1989). Developmental retardation and behavioral characteristics of pygmy chimpanzees. In: Heltne PG, Marquardt LA, (eds.), Understanding chimpanzees. Cambridge (MS): Harvard Univ Pr; 184-93.
ISBN: 978-0674920910


Fishman, J.E. (2011). Primacy. Greenville, DE: Verbitrage.
ISBN: 978-0983380900

Gruen, Sara (2010). Ape House. New York: Spiegel & Grau.
ISBN: 978-0385523219

Levine, Mathea (2008). I’m Lucy: A Day in the Life of a Young Bonobo. Blue Bark Press.
ISBN: 978-0615181103

Rowe, N. (1996). Pictorial guide to the living primates. Pogonias Press: East Hampton.
ISBN: 978-0964882515

Ryan, Christopher and Cacilda Jethá (2010). Sex at Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality. Harper.
ISBN: 978-0061707803

Sandin, Jo (2007). Bonobos: Encounters in Empathy. Milwaukee: Zoological Society of Milwaukee & the Foundation for Wildlife Conservation, Inc.
ISBN: 978-0979415104

Savage-Rumbaugh, S. and Roger, L. (1994). Kanzi: the ape at the brink of the human mind. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
ISBN: 978-0471159599

Schrefer, E. (2012). Endangered. Scholastic Press.
ISBN: 978-0545165761

de Waal, F.B.M. (2001). The ape and the sushi master: cultural reflections by a primatologist. New York: Basic Books
ISBN: 978-0465041763

de Waal, Frans (1997). The Forgotten Ape. Berkeley: University of California Press.
ISBN: 978-0520216518

Woods, Vanessa (2010). Bonobo Handshake: A Memoir of Love and Adventure in the Congo. New York: Penguin Group, Inc.
ISBN: 159-2405460

Other Sources

Fiske-Harrison, Alexander (Nov. 2001). Talking with Apes, Financial Times, Weekend, 24-25.

Painemilla, K.W., Rylands, A.B., Woofter, A., and Cassie Hughes (2010). Indigenous peoples and conservation: From rights to resource management. Arlington: Conservation International.

Thompson-Handler, N., Malenky, R. and G. Reinartz (1995) Action plan for Pan paniscus: report on free ranging populations and proposals for their preservation. The Zoological Society of Milwaukee County, Milwaukee, WI.

White, F. and Waller, M. (2008). Intercommunity relations in bonobos: why no lethal raiding? Abstract #138. American Society of Primatologists Conference, June 2008.

About Us  |  Programs  |  Bonobos  |  News & Knowledge  |  Take Action  |  Contact Us  |  Sitemap